WINNERS FOR 2016
Carolyn Rankine and Jane Kemp attended the prize giving of the 2016 graduans at Liverpool University yesterday.
Here are Rachel Jackson and Rebecca Turner, joint winners of the Mary Jones Award . Their marks were identical for their assessments during their first year of training, so both were worthy winners.
Rachel is at present working on the Vascular Unit at RLH and Rebecca is on the Cystic Fibrosis ward at the Heart & Chest Hospital. Both girls are enjoying their placements and looking forward to having Chrismas off this year.
This is Lorna Brooks, the winner of the Rebecca Haynes Award for the highest marks in the final examinations.
Coincidentally Lorna was also winner of the Mary Jones Award after her first year.
She has just completed the first month of her new job on a cardiac surgical ward at the Heart & Chest Hospital and is enjoying the challenge of a new career with the Trust.
WINNERS OF THE MARY JONES AWARD 2015
WINNER OF THE REBECCA HAYNES AWARD 2015
Rebecca Haynes award to Emily Chesterman. Please click on the link to read Emilys response to receiving the award.
WINNER OF THE KATE MORLE PRIZE IS LAURA ROWLAND
Unfortunately we do not have a photo of Laura currently.
AWARD WINNERS 2012
On 12th December 2012 Carolyn Rankine and I attended the post graduation ceremony at the Whelan Building for the BN (Hons) Graduates. As you can imagine it was a very happy and lively gathering of graduates with their families and friends enjoying their success.
We met Julie Crane again who is the new Head of Department of Nursing Studies. We had both worked with her in earlier times so it was good to meet up again and create links for the future.
Lucy Mead won the Mary Jones Award for achieving the highest mark at the end of the first year. Unfortunately she was unable to be there on the day so I don’t have a photo to share.
The 2nd year Kate Morle Award was given for the first time to Connie Brown for excellence in clinical practice. She has promised to give us more information on her research on homelessness with the YMCA and I will post it when received.
We then presented the group with their Badges and stayed for a while talking to everyone. It came as a surprise that some thought the awards were a University prize and were not aware of the old LRI building. So we can raise our profile a little I think and perhaps get them to look at our website to see the olden days! It was a lovely occasion and I felt very privileged to be there. It was so nice to see the enthusiasm and energy in this young group of people upon starting their careers.
On December 15th 2011, three members of the Nurses` League Executive Committee were invited to the post graduation get together in the School of Health Sciences when the 2011 Nurse graduates received their University School of Nursing badges.
Presentations were also made to the two recipients of the 2011 Liverpool Royal Infirmary Nurses` League Awards, Carol Paisley and Jessica Bradbury.
WINNER OF THE MARY JONES AWARD 2008. JOINT WINNER SAMANTHA HARRISON.
After completing my A Levels at college, I began work in a local nursing home in order to gain experience in health care and to ensure that nursing would be the right career choice for me. During my second year of working at the home I was certain that I wanted to apply to study nursing, as I had thoroughly enjoyed my work there and felt ready to further myself in this area.
My first year at the University Of Liverpool has been challenging both academically and practically, but I have enjoyed every part of it which has further motivated me to pursue a career as a nurse.
So far, I have been given the opportunity to work at Arrowe Park, Whiston and the Royal Liverpool Hospital, on nephrology, orthopaedic, elderly care and urology wards. I don’t have a favourite placement, as each one has given me different opportunities and experiences, which have been invaluable to my learning and I look forward to my future placements.
I am undecided as to which area of nursing I would like to work in when I qualify. I want to keep an open mind and to continue to enjoy my training and see where it takes me.
WINNER OF THE MARY JONES AWARD 2008. JOINT WINNER DANIEL WILSON
After leaving school with good A Level grades, I spent over 10 years working with residential mental health teams. I started as a volunteer in a hostel for the homeless, then spent some time working for Merseyside Probation Service. I moved to London, where I worked as team manager for a charity which helped offenders with mental health problems. After a few years as manager, I decided to change my career, retrain and relocate back to Liverpool, where I was born.
I had always wanted to be a nurse, so I made the decision to go in a new direction and apply to study adult nursing. I am 38 years old, taking the plunge and radically changing my life, wasn’t easy. I had lots of doubts about making this change, but doing so has proven to be correct and I couldn’t be happier with my training or my university.
My first year was a real challenge, having never worked on a ward before. I was on placement at Broadgreen, Arrowe Park, Whiston and the Royal Liverpool Hospitals gaining experience on orthopaedic, urology, respiratory and elderly care wards.
My favourite and most successful placement was in care for the elderly, where I found I had a real skill in working with older patients. I am now considering this as my chosen speciality when I qualify in 2010.
Daniel Wilson. February 2009
WINNER OF THE REBECCA HAYNES AWARD 2008. JOINT WINNER LAURA CURRAN
It is incredible to think that it is over three and a half years ago that I moved to Liverpool from Shropshire, to begin my nurse training. Looking back, although my training was greatly enjoyable, it was also full of long hours, tiredness and a great difficulty in juggling academic work, practical training and a ‘normal’ life. However now, as a qualified nurse, those challenging times as a student seem insignificant and I can see that the means really do justify the end. Having been fortunate to obtain the Mary Jones Award at the end of my first year of training, I now feel very honoured to have been awarded the Rebecca Haynes Award at the end of my training.
I send a big thank you to my friends, family and to those I trained with, for their help and support throughout.
Following completion of my course in September 2008, I began applying for a post in Liverpool, a city I am very happy in. I was lucky enough to be offered the second post I applied for, at the Liverpool Heart and Chest Hospital, working on a ward specialising in the care of patients who have undergone cardiothoracic surgery. Having never envisaged myself doing this sort of nursing, I was pleasantly surprised to find that I love it.
I remember being absolutely terrified the day I first wore my blue uniform, even ironing it twice to make sure I looked my best. Similar fear struck me the first time I did a medication round on my own and when I began my first set of night duty, things that are now second nature to me.
With regards to my training at the University of Liverpool, there is probably not a day that goes by that I do not utilise some part of my nursing studies. My training allowed me to work in a number of different areas and Trusts across Liverpool, enabling me to draw on good practices I had experienced in a variety of settings.
It saddens me to hear modern nurses being criticized for not being as caring as nurses in previous times. My training taught me to be compassionate, understanding and defend what is known to be right, in the name of excellence in patient care. At work I find myself surrounded by talented and extremely caring nursing staff and as testament to their work, I find myself thinking, ‘how could it have ever been better’? I do agree that the current situation is far from perfect. Most commonly, my peers are troubled by lack of nursing staff on the ground, which often leads to less time to care for patients and therefore much distress and stress for nurses. With this in mind, I welcome new initiatives such as the ’productive ward’ which aims to ‘release time to care’ by streamlining the work we do that does not involve direct patient care. I hope that projects such as this find success, so that nurses do not suffer from burn out, allowing them to enjoy what really is a wonderful vocation.
Laura Curran. May 2009
WINNER OF THE REBECCA HAYNES AWARD 2007. CRAIG SIMON
Since being awarded the Mary Jones award in December 2004, I have been fortunate to obtain a first class degree with honours. I have also been awarded the Rebecca Haynes award and I am extremely honoured to be the recipient of both awards during my nurse training. Upon completion of my training and registration with the NMC I have commenced employment with the Haematology Unit at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital. I am very fortunate to have obtained this role which I have sought after since my second year placement on the Unit. I particularly enjoy the diversity of such nursing, and although emotionally draining at times, the relationship built with our patient group makes the job an extremely rewarding one. It shocks me to see the changes that have occurred within nursing since winning the Mary Jones award. I remember commenting on the scope of opportunities available within nursing, yet the most prominent change is the lack of vacancies for fellow graduates and students due to graduate. It saddens me to see many great nurses either unemployed or in employment unconnected to nursing. I can only hope, along with those affected, that the situation improves and it doesn’t deter people from entering such a great profession.
That said the future of nursing and the role of a nurse appears due for radical change. Policy aims to push further services into the community and away from the hospital setting. I feel as a profession this change should be embraced and viewed as an exciting time for nursing. Yet with such changes I hope the history and uniqueness of our role is not lost. I feel it is up to nurses to continue to view and care for patients as people, rather than turning them into a condition, statistic or objects to meet health targets. I hope that my future can bring as much success as my training has. My decision to change from medical to nursing student has been one of the most significant and rewarding I have made. My ambitions for the future include further academic study in the form of a Phd. and career advancement to hopefully a specialist role within haematology/oncology nursing. My overriding aim for the future is to continue to provide nursing care to the absolute best of my ability and hope that as a result I can be a part of shaping the future of our profession.
Craig Simon April 2007
MARY JONES AWARD 2006 Laura Curran
Unlike many nursing staff and students around me I didn’t always know that I wanted to go into nursing. The idea only began to grow on me whilst I was studying for my A-Levels but despite this, for me now, nursing is a vocation. I moved to Liverpool around 18 months ago and I have found the city a great place to study, work and live. The course can, at times, be very physically and emotionally challenging and I am still learning how to meet deadlines without the last minute rush. However, this is more than balanced by the fun and rewarding times that the course can bring. There can be much discrimination and inequality in the world but by its nature nursing practice treats people with respect and understanding. I have had the pleasure of working with many student and qualified nurses who strive to recognise the individuality of each patient, helping them to access the quality health care and support that they need. So far I have particularly enjoyed my hospital based placements on respiratory and gastroenterology wards. My current placement in the community setting has really opened my eyes to the wealth of extended roles and services offered by nurses. I am looking forward to experiencing new areas of nursing care and I am unsure about my future plans, but a community role would definitely be something I would love to do.
WINNER OF THE REBECCA HAYNES AWARD 2005 . HANNAH THEWLES.
Hannah has sent us this information about herself. I spent three years studying for my nursing degree at Liverpool University. The course was not an easy one, but it was extremely rewarding. The academic standard expected was high and was combined with working shifts which could be physically demanding and emotionally draining. While sometimes tough, working on the wards was also fun and a fantastic opportunity to observe some truly inspirational nurses. In the second and third years of the course we had more freedom to pursue subjects that fascinated us in greater detail. Whilst not always appreciating rapidly approaching deadlines, I loved the challenge and stimulation of the material we studied. Implementing and expanding that material on the wards provided a good basis for practical nursing skills. Having enjoyed the course so much, it was a real honour to receive the Rebecca Haynes award at my graduation ceremony.
Following the end of my degree I married and moved to Birmingham where my husband is based. The skills I acquired both academically and practically have proved invaluable to me as I have commenced my nursing career. I am currently working in the Cancer Centre at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital. Nothing can prepare you fully for the transition from student to staff nurse (and the shock of being assigned your own students!), but having survived the first few months, I am thoroughly enjoying myself. In the future I would like to move into a palliative care setting which is an area that particularly interests me. The opportunities that are available within nursing are one of the many things which make it such an exciting and varied career.
WINNER OF THE MARY JONES AWARD 2005. KIRSTY NUTTALL.
Kirsty has written to tell us a little about herself and what the award means to her.
Many of the nurses known to me, both qualified and students alike tell me of how they have always wanted to become nurses, however, this bears little resemblance of how I have come to be where I am today. Whilst studying for my A levels I was faced with the challenge of deciding which path to take for my future, and all I knew was that I wanted to make a difference in the world. After careful consideration, I firmly believed that nursing was what life held for me, and almost a year and a half on, although not making world changing differences (yet), nursing has become a part of who I am. The Bachelor of Nursing programme has been and continues to be one of the most challenging experiences of my life and yet the most enjoyable, and although sometimes difficult to juggle placements with assignments, the real differences I am making in people’s lives makes all the hard work worthwhile.
As for the future, I am not sure what it holds, but I do know that nursing is where I want to be. I am delighted and proud to have received the Mary Jones Award and cannot give enough thanks to all those who continue to encourage and support me, including family, friends, staff and patients. Thank you.
NURSES LEAGUE TRAVEL AWARD WINNERS
2000 Tom Donovan
2002 Elizabeth Cooper and Victoria Garner
2005 Sue Redfern
2007 Sarah Doyle
2011 Christine O’Connor. Becci Sloane & Abigail Hosier
2013 Jenny Wharton
2015 Not awarded
Travel award Accounts
2011 Nurses League Travel Award,
The winners Becci Sloan and Abigail Hosier were invited to the Annual Meeting and gave a powerpoint presentation about their visit to Hyderabad in South India.
Becci and Abigail work in the Tropical and Infectious Diseases Unit at the Royal Liverpool Hospital. They currently focus on caring for individuals with HIV and Hepatitis and the travel award assisted in enabling them to visit and work with LEPRA in India.
We learned about the work of LEPRA in India and the immense problems faced.
Since returning to Liverpool, Becci and Abigail have created an information pack for newly diagnosed HIV Positive patients.
Many thanks to Becci and Abigail for such an interesting and informative presentation.
Visit to LEPRA Hyderabad Services and Projects
(Andhra Pradesh, South India) 2013
I applied for the travel award with my colleague Abigail Hosier who I studied with at the University of Liverpool. We both share a passion for working in resource poor settings overseas and following graduating in 2005 worked together on the Tropical and Infectious Diseases Unit (TIDU) at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital. In recent years we have focussed on caring for individuals with HIV and Hepatitis; both in research and in specialist nursing.
Over the years working in this area we have established a growing awareness of the need and importance of good quality holistic care. This is very apparent within the context of the care of the newly diagnosed HIV positive patient. The TIDU department provides a high quality service and we have an established multi-disciplinary team which includes specialist nurses, counsellors, community HIV nurses and medical staff. Over recent years we have spent time with patients and gained a greater understanding of the experience of being diagnosed with HIV. We felt that whilst there were many areas of excellent practice, that there were also areas of improvement in relation to the support of newly diagnosed individuals.
The importance of providing holistic care is highlighted in the range of different patients we care for. Many have little or no support, which is often made worse by the nature of the diagnosis and the stigma surrounding HIV. A lot of people tell very few people about their HIV positive status and therefore often feel isolated and alone in coping with their diagnosis.
In recent months we spoke with patients and staff about what they felt improvements could be made in the care of newly diagnosed patients in our department. The main issues that arose through these discussions were surrounding spiritual, mental and social care. The diversity of these issues is vast and we endeavour to always support our patients in all these areas, so we began to wonder how we could improve our service.
The opportunity of working with LEPRA in India was excellent as we were very keen to gain an insight into how holistic care is provided for patients there suffering from conditions with immense social stigma. As emphasised in the mission statement of LEPRA;
‘LEPRA – health in action; is a health and development organisation working to restore health, hope and dignity to people affected by leprosy, tuberculosis, malaria, HIV/AIDS, blindness and other health conditions exacerbated by stigma and social discrimination’.
As resources are more limited in Hyderabad and up to date medications are not available to most people living with HIV, more focus is put on holistic care of patients. We hoped to be inspired by how they managed their patients in such a resource poor setting.
Abigail and I are both keen to develop our careers through personal and professional development and held the belief that this award would be an excellent way to do this. We are enthusiastic about enhancing our knowledge within our area of expertise and are passionate about working overseas and would love to work in a developing country within a nursing capacity in the future.
Our aims in applying for the travel award were:
To enhance our knowledge and gain insight into the treatment, management of nursing/medical care and the outcomes for people living with HIV in India.
To work along side staff working with people with HIV in the region, observing practice and implementation of care.
To be able to compare my experiences and the information we obtain, with treatment, care management and outcomes of the patients we care for here in the Infectious Diseases Unit at the Royal Liverpool Hospital.
During our time with LEPRA in Hyderabad we were overwhelmed by the care and attention the LEPRA staff gave to both us and to the people they cared for. We were very humbled by the compassion that was shown by each member of staff. One event that particularly impressed us was a shoe distribution ceremony:
Many people with leprosy have been diagnosed late in the disease progression, by which time they have suffered severe peripheral damage, particularly in their feet. Many have very deformities and lost toes after suffering burn injuries, pressure sores and ulcers. Wearing shoes becomes very difficult and can often exacerbate the problem, causing new sores.
LEPRA individually fitted tailor made new shoes for about 100 people suffering from leprosy and held a ceremony for each person to be presented with their new shoes. Each person came up one by one and was overjoyed to be presented with their shoes and with a first aid kit. They were then delighted to be provided with lunch afterwards.
We loved being part of this event as it demonstrated to us an innovative way to show compassion and support to individuals suffering from an isolating and stigmatising condition. We wanted to capture something of this as an inspiration in our department. However, as all newly diagnosed HIV positive patients are individual, ‘holistic support’ means something entirely different to each person. The example of holistic care in India would not transfer into our culture so exactly.
We therefore decided to enhance the information newly diagnosed patients are provided with, by creating a ‘Newly Diagnosed HIV Positive Information Pack’ in order to signpost them to various places where support is available. We understood that everyone’s needs are different and that people needed to receive support in different ways. Compiling all the services we offer and support that is available around the city into one leaflet allows a patient to easily choose the type of support they would like to access.
In Hyderabad there is a high proportion of sex workers, who due to the attitudes of society are often marginalised and isolated from local communities. In order to encourage them to access healthcare services, there needed to be appropriate ways of displaying acceptance and non-judgemental care. One of the ways in which this was achieved was through the facilitation of support groups specifically designed to meet the holistic needs of the women.
The service we offer to our HIV positive patients is also one of acceptance and non-judgemental care. However finding new ways to support patients and being inspired by other service providers can be beneficial. We therefore are considering opening a support group for our HIV positive patients. We recognise that this would not appeal to every individual, which emphasises the importance of an information pack including information on all the support options available.
We have planned a presentation in the hospital in conjunction with the hospital Arts Lead. This will be an opportunity for us to tell patients, staff and the general public about our experiences in India. We hope that our presentation will inspire people and give them a fresh insight and a wider perspective of healthcare.
We have discussed these plans with the Lead Consultant and other members of the MDT of the TIDU and they are keen for this to go ahead as ideas like these, would benefit the patients in our care and help staff to be well equipped to resource patients.
Our trip to work with LEPRA was an incredible experience and has increased our knowledge and motivation in the holistic support of HIV positive patients in our care.
We are also excited by the links that we have formed between the TIDU and LEPRA and will be keen to maintain the good professional relationship that we have established during this trip.
We would be keen to encourage fellow staff on the benefits of seeing firsthand the practices of non government organisations, in resource poor settings and how this can both, motivate, inspire and facilitate personal growth as a professional. Our presentation and display will be a good way of encouraging this.
Most of all we are looking forward to hearing the feedback and comments of the patients utilising the additions to the current service.
We would like to take this opportunity to extend our sincere thanks to the Royal Infirmary Nurses League for the travel award. We believe the experience has been motivating, challenging and rewarding and we are very grateful for the financial investment we received.
Tropical and Infectious Diseases Unit
Royal Liverpool University Hospital Trust
TRAVEL AWARD to Christine O Connor 2011
Following a successful application for the Royal Infirmary Nurses’ League Travel Award, I was able to visit Melbourne, Australia, to view how they undertake Infection Prevention and Control particularly relating to multidrug resistant organisms, outbreak management and education. I spent a total of two weeks visiting two large Health Care settings, Southern Health Care and Alfred Health in Melbourne. I also had the opportunity to visit the National Surveillance Centre.
My first visit was to the Southern Health Group which is the largest public health service in Victoria, covering 40 locations. Services provided include acute teaching, research and community hospitals, mental health and community outreach services. I visited Monash Hospital and Dandenong Hospital within the Southern Health Group, both of which are teaching and referral hospitals.
The other major healthcare setting I visited was The Alfred, which is a major tertiary referral teaching hospital. Specialist services include trauma services, emergency and intensive care, heart and lung transplantation and burns. Within the healthcare group I was also able to visit 2 other hospitals Caulfield, which specialises in community services, rehabilitation and aged care and Sandringham, specialising in maternity and surgical services.
My first port of call was to Monash Hospital and feeling a bit jet lagged I was fortunate to attend one of the fortnightly meetings with all the ‘Infection Prevention and Control Team’ (IPCT) from all the locations. Agenda items discussed included rates of infections ‘vancomycin resistant enterococcus’ (VRE), ‘Clostridium difficile toxin’ (CDT), occupational exposure to needle stick injuries, Hand Hygiene programme, support services and Newsletter. It was very interesting to hear that a new strain of CDT 064 had emerged which is predominately in Australia.
The State of Victoria has a very well established mandatory hand hygiene surveillance programme, whereby every hospital submits quarterly ‘hand hygiene observation data’ to the surveillance centre. The audits are undertaken by the IPCT, 50 observations per ward are required from a maximum of seven ward areas depending on the size of the hospital. These are collected by the surveillance centre and hospitals are compared to the national benchmark. The Victorian Department of Health has set a target of 70% compliance. In the United Kingdom (UK) each Trust will undertake their own hand hygiene audits, it is not mandatory by the Department of Health. There is no national bench marking currently, but this may come in the future.
I had the opportunity to participate in their internal ‘Safety Quality Audits’ within the Southern Health Group. This involved visiting several clinical areas with a team of specialist staff including the Director of Nursing, Senior Nurses, Estates and cleaning personnel. Some of the clinical areas were in the process of being renovated; oneparticular ward wasactually circular, reminding me of a picture I once saw of the old Royal Infirmary. They appeared to experience similar problems to the UK with limited storage facilities, some areas required more hand wash basins, although upgrade of areas were in the process of being addressed. All healthcare setting are accredited and have to comply with specific standards, one of which is infection control, similar to the UK.
Both hospital groups had experienced outbreaks of Norovirus, however Alfred Health had been particularly affected last year, with most of the ward areas being affected at some point. The outbreak lasted for several weeks putting considerable pressure on the resources and the running of the hospital. One of the problems which was highlighted and potentially could have prolonged the outbreak was incorrect cleaning methods, for they used a two stage cleaning process with detergent followed by sodium hypochlorite. It was thought that in some areas, that the first stage of cleaning with detergent was not being undertaken correctly. It was good to share experiences, with the management being very similar to that in the UK, however they used an electronic data base that assisted them in patient management and movements. This was highlighted using the ‘RAG’ rated system (Red Amber Green), to make it visually easier to identify which patients are symptomatic, those at risk of becoming symptomatic and those who have recovered from norovirus. This seemed to work very effectively’ although appeared to be time consuming with data entering. This would be worth investigating to adapt a similar approach at the Royal Liverpool University Hospital (RLH)
With influenza being a potential threat each winter causing some deaths, it was amazing to hear what new research was being undertaken with their well established surveillance system on Severe Respiratory Illness known as the ‘FLuCAN’. From 2012 the surveillance system will be increased to cover 15 sites across Australia. Current surveillance systems are designed to estimate influenza activity in the community. It is hoped that this new research will fill the gap in surveillance between community and hospitals. The aims are to: collect real time sentinel surveillance on patients that require hospitalization for influenza; clinical and laboratory information on ‘laboratory confirmed’ influenza patients, to determine the burden of disease requiring hospitalization; estimate the effectiveness of the influenza vaccine and vaccine coverage from patients with community acquired pneumonia prior to the onset of the influenza season. I was surprised to find that ‘face fit’ testing of respiratory masks, was not undertaken before being able to nurse patients with severe respiratory illness, although ‘face fit’ testing was not undertaken, the healthcare workers on the Infectious Diseases Unit checked their masks by looking into a mirror. This enabled the healthcare worker to adjust their masks to ensure a sufficient seal had been created before entering an infected room.
In the Southern Health Group hospitals, staff vaccination was undertaken by the IPCT including measles, mumps, rubella and seasonal flu. This was not the common practice in all hospitals in Australia, in some it is the responsibility of the Occupational Health Department as in the UK, however the Royal Liverpool IPCT, does assist in undertaking Flu Vaccination.
All the teams were very interested in the DVD which was made at the Royal Liverpool Hospital ‘Killer Bug’ to promote vaccination of healthcare workers. The Surveillance Centre Team asked if they could enter this into a national competition to promote flu vaccinations.
I had the opportunity to attend and participate in the IPC nurses’ link group meeting, as I was very interested in their role. The role was very similar to that in the UK, to liaise with the ward team, however their audit programme was very limited compared to the UK, only undertaking a full environmental audit annually.
In the Southern Health Group Hospitals, the link nurses had an excellent 3 day educational induction programme, which included topics on microbiology, history of Infection control and decontamination. On completion of the programme, an examination was undertaken to access their knowledge and understanding, only on the successful passing of this examination, were the staff able to undertake the role of Infection Control Liaison Nurse.
It was a common occurrence that the IPCT participated in the induction training of newly appointed staff. However I was very surprised to find that there did not appear to be a regular ongoing mandatory training system, instead appearing to be ad-hoc, within the clinical areas. I found that the IPCT in both healthcare setting were larger than what we had at the RLH. They had a self regulatory process known as ‘credentialing’ which all IPC practitioners had to undertake, to determine and acknowledge that an individual has demonstrated the competences of the specialist role.
Having the opportunity to visit Victoria Healthcare Associated Infection Surveillance System was excellent. I met up with their small team and discussed the type of surveillance data which they collected. I presented a power point presentation of the work which is undertaken by the Health Protection Agency and NHS Trusts in the UK, on targets and data collection. The State of Victoria collected data on colorectal, surgical site surveillance including cardiac, orthopaedic, in hip and knee surgery, caesarean section, spinal surgery and hand hygiene. This is similar to the UK however data is also collected on central lines, to determine the rates of bacteraemia (blood stream infection) by calculating the number of days a central line has been in situ. It was very interesting to hear that a trial was being undertaken on the monitoring and documentation of insertion practices for central lines in Intensive Care Units, with 5 large hospitals being involved. This is similar to the ‘Saving Lives High Impact Interventions’ that are widely used in Hospital Trusts. However within the UK, this is not mandatory and only collative in individual Trusts. It will be interesting to see how this develops.
Intensive Care central line associated bloods stream infection surveillance is undertaken nationally, data being collected from most Australian states which allow local and national benchmarking. The aim is to improve patient safety by reducing blood stream infections in central lines. Surveillance data collection was introduced in 2010, however definitions were variable. This has now been standardised and a national database and reporting system isin operation whereby State based surveillance centres will forward data to the national database. In the UK this data collection is not mandatory, with wide variations between Hospital Trusts in how, or if, this data is collected and how this is reported. At the RLH the data which is collected is fragmented and therefore it would be worthwhile to take this forward.
Although both health settings had experience with Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) it was only Alfred Health Care that appeared to have experience with some of the resistant gram negative organism. Going back several years to 2004 they had experienced one or two cases of Acinetorbacter in their Intensive care unit. Acinetobacter is a Gram-negative bacterium that is readily found throughout the environment including drinking and surface waters, soil, sewage and various types of foods, this then has the potential to contaminate the environment. While Acinetobacter poses few risks to healthy individuals, a few species, particularly Acinetobacter baumanni, can cause serious infections – mainly in very ill hospital patients. The most common Acinetobacter infections include pneumonia, bacteraemia (blood stream infection), wound infections, and urinary tract infections. `Hospital-adapted` strains of Acinetobacter are sometimes resistant to antibiotics and are increasingly difficult to treat. Acinetobacter can live on the skin and may survive in the environment for several days. Transmission can be reduced by careful attention to infection control procedures such as hand hygiene, environmental cleaning and disposal of exposed medical equipment after patient discharge.
The number of Acinetobacter cases appeared to increase following the Bali bombing in 2005 where several burns patients were airlift to the hospital for specialist treatment. Overtime different interventions had been introduced on the Intensive Care Unit (ITU) such as enhanced cleaning, wearing of gowns/ gloves for direct patient contact and Antibiotic Stewardship. Environmental sampling, although the cases did not appear to be connected the source was unknown and it wasn’t until the ITU moved into a new area that the source was eradicated. Their ITU now is a modern 45 bedded purpose built unit with direct access to the helicopter pad. One of the interventions that were imposed was to stop the use of the antibiotic meropenem which is from the group of antibiotics known as the carbopenamase, which is widely used in the UK to treat serious infections. Since the introduction of electronic prescribing this has vastly improved antibiotic stewardship, optimising antimicrobial use in order to improve patient outcomes, ensure cost-effective therapy and reduce antimicrobial resistance.
In the UK we are starting to see resistance to this classification of antibiotics; however this appears to be a radical approach. Other Interventions that I was particularly interested in were the use of chlorhexidine wash cloths which are used daily on all ITU patients. Also the use of chlorhexidine biopatch dressing used on central venous lines insertion sites to reduce colonisation and prevent infection. The RLH is now exploring the possibility of using these.
Both healthcare settings over the last six years had seen a substantial decline in MRSA while VRE, (vancomycin resistant enterococcus) rates remain steady.Patients can be colonisedwith VRE or some may develop a severe infection. At present there is no treatment which can reduce the ‘carriage’ of VRE. Alfred Health has always adopted a ‘once VRE, always VRE’ policy, as there is no expert agreement on how long people carry VRE once they show the signs of contact, or the best approach to this problem. All VRE patients are placed in isolation in a single room to limit their movement around the ward and reduce the risk of the infection spreading to other patients. Research is being undertaken by screening patients who have been identified as VRE carriers over the last ten years, with the aim to find out how long people carry VRE for and that the most appropriate care is provided.
Alfred Health had made a DVD called Glen’s Story, which was hard hitting, focussing on a patient’s experience after contracting MRSA bacteraemia. He was actually a Doctor working at the hospital and his fiancée was an IPC Nurse. Both these can be viewed on ‘You Tube’.
Infection Prevention and Control Practices
Whilst visiting some of the ward areas, major differences that I observed, were staff using disposable gowns and gloves when caring for infected patients, where as in the UK we tend to use disposable plastic aprons and gloves. If there was a lack of isolation facilities it was their policy to mark on the floor with wide sticky tape, a boundary around the patient’s bed area to identify the patient zone, to enable IPC precautions to be undertaken.
Isolation notices were very different between the two heath care settings, one using different colour notices and illustrations to get the message across, whereby the other had about 12 different signs, all coloured yellow, with a slight variation on the message which were quite worded, however these where in the process of being reviewed. What did interest me was that nationally, the Australian Infection Control Association, was considering the feasibility to have generic isolation precautions posters across the country.
The Alfred had recently undertaken a patient improvement safety project to reduce urinary catheter infections. This used a light hearted approach to increase patient and staff awareness and improve documentation of catheter management to minimise infection, involving designing and implementing posters, patient information leaflets and a computer education programme. I thought the posters that had been produced were very innovative with a picture of a kangaroo and the caption ‘Tie me catheter down’.
At Southern Health they employed a marketing person for 1 day a week, to develop IPC posters, signage, promote campaigns i.e. hand hygiene, which were very innovative.
Towards the end of my trip I managed to have a few days to relax and take in some of the sights of Melbourne visiting the newly built AAMI stadium to watch Melbourne Storm, Rugby League Club, sightseeing, viewing the wine region and seeing koalas and kangaroos, which were amazing and of course fitting in time for some retail therapy (shopping).
Visiting Australia was a fantastic opportunity and experience, giving me the opportunity to network with colleagues, who were extremely helpful, willing to share experiences,enthusiastic and made me feel very welcome. Even though I had specific objectives to concentrate on, sometimes it was difficult not to get side tracked, for IPC is such a vast area and when visiting clinical areas I was so enthusiastic that I wanted to see as much as possible. I felt that I had gained so much more than I had originally planned; my aim now would be to implement some of the findings that would be beneficial to the patients and staff at the RLH.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank Elizabeth Gillespie, Southern Health, Dr Anne Bull VICNISS and Sue McClelland. Alfred Health, for accommodating me and being excellent hosts. Thanks also go to Marie Dewhurst my Manager and Diane Wake, Director of Nursing, for enabling me to take this fantastic opportunity.
Nurse Specialist in Infection Prevention and Control.
Royal Liverpool University Hospital NHS Trust.
Christine O`Connor, Nurse Specialist in Infection Control at the RLBUHT, is joint winner of this years LRI Nurses` League Travel Award. Further details about this years winners will appear in the journal.
Love the frilly, Christine
Photo – Student Nurse Claire Barstow and Christine manning the Infection Control stand at the recent Nurses` Day exhibition at the Royal Liverpool Hospital